The first pediatric stem cell transplantation at University Hospital “St. Marina” – Varna has already become a fact. On 13thFebruary, at the Transplant Center of the Clinic for Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, a team of specialists, headed by Prof. Igor Resnick, performed autologous transplantation in a 6-year-old girl with neuroblastoma (intra-abdominal malignancy). The child hasalready been discharged from hospital in stable clinical status.
Over the last years transplantation of bone marrow and peripheral stem cells has been used as a routine treatment method in a number of hematology and oncology diseases in adults and infants. Moreover, the method is getting widely used as an unconventional therapeutic option in solid tumors in children. Experts explain that stem cell transplants can be autologous and allogeneic, and the choice depends on the child’s age and type of primary disease. In autologous transplants the donor is the patient himself or herself, while in allogeneic ones the donor is a healthy person.
In our country pediatric stem cell transplantations were performed only at one medical institution in Sofia, due to which young patients had to be directed to international centers. Thanks to the establishment of the new pediatric transplant center at Varna University Hospital, hematology and oncology sick children in Bulgaria will receive treatment in our country.